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Title: Lifestyle and dietary habits of community-dwelling elderly: A comparative study between a town and a city Authors:  Chisako Yamamoto - Shonan University of Medical Sciences (Japan) [presenting]
Abstract: The aim is to clarify differences of lifestyle and dietary habits and gender differences between a town (Town) and a city (City) elderly. Data were collected in 2004 in both Town and City. Analysis subjects were 1,538 and 13,182 men and women in Town and City, respectively. According to intellectual activity scores, they were classified into people with dementia (PWD), people with probable dementia (PPD) and cognitively intact people (CIP). The chi-square, Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U and Bonferroni's multiple comparison tests were performed. Lifestyle items were smoking, alcohol drinking, exercise, sleep duration per day, going out, daytime lying duration in bed and breakfast eating and dietary items meat/poultry, soy products, eggs, oily fish, dairy products, fruits, vegetables and others. The tests revealed statistically significant differences between City CIP and PPD/PWD women in most dietary items and between City CIP and PPD men and between Town CIP and PPD women in some items, while no differences in dietary items were observed in Town men. In lifestyle items, except smoking, significant differences were shown in both Town and City. The conclusion is that the health behavior of women, especially in dietary habits, was better than that of men, while that of City men was better than that Town men.