Title: Regional disparities in well-being dimensions: The case of Italy
Authors: Laura Neri - Università di Siena (Italy) [presenting]
Achille Lemmi - ASESD Tuscan Universities Research Centre Camilo Dagum (Italy)
Marco Lonzi - University of Siena (Italy)
Abstract: Goal 10 of the SDGs explicitly states that economic growth is not sufficient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does involve the three dimensions of sustainable development economic, social and environmental. According to this view, we identify three multidimentional indicators of well-being and analyse them at regional level in Italy. The indicators involved in the analysis, as identified and defined previously, are the environment indicator (FS5), the financial indicator (FS4), and the work and education indicator (FS6). The idea of considering them as key indicators is that despite the fact that in Italy statistical indicators does not show an increase in inequality, a widespread sense of impoverishment and weakening of future prospects is perceived by people in low income and in the disappeared middle class. For the most disadvantaged, it is very difficult to break away from a vicious circle of educational underachievement, low skills, poor employment prospects and lacking means to adapt to a changing economy and fast technological change. Moreover, they also suffer disproportionally by pollution and environmental degradation. On the other hand, inclusive growth is the process of creating shared prosperity in many well-being dimensions, many of those are heavily conditioned by peoples opportunities which are themselves heavily affected by peoples socioeconomic status.