Title: An adapted loss function for censored quantile regression
Authors: Ingrid Van Keilegom - KU Leuven (Belgium)
Anouar El Ghouch - The University catholique de Louvain (Belgium) [presenting]
Mickael De Backer - Universite catholique de Louvain (Belgium)
Abstract: A novel approach is studied for the estimation of quantiles when facing potential right censoring of the responses. Contrary to the existing literature on the subject, the adopted strategy is to tackle censoring at the very level of the loss function usually employed for the computation of quantiles, the so-called check function. For interpretation purposes, a simple comparison with the latter reveals how censoring is accounted for in the newly proposed loss function. Subsequently, when considering the inclusion of covariates for conditional quantile estimation, by defining a new general loss function, the proposed methodology opens the gate to numerous parametric, semiparametric and nonparametric modelling techniques. We consider the well studied linear regression under the usual assumption of conditional independence between the true response and the censoring variable. For practical minimization of the studied loss function, we also provide a simple algorithmic procedure shown to yield satisfactory results for the proposed estimator with respect to the existing literature in an extensive simulation study. From a more theoretical prospect, consistency of the estimator for linear regression is obtained using very recent results on non-smooth semiparametric estimation equations with an infinite-dimensional nuisance parameter, while numerical examples illustrate the adequateness of a simple bootstrap procedure for inferential purposes.