Title: An empirical approach to financial crisis indicators based on random matrices
Authors: Antoine Kornprobst - University Paris Sorbonne (France) [presenting]
Raphael Douady - Paris Sorbonne (France)
Abstract: The aim is to build financial crisis indicators based on spectral properties of the dynamics of market data. After choosing an optimal size for a rolling window, the historical market data in this window is seen every trading day as a random matrix from which a covariance and a correlation matrix are obtained. The financial crisis indicators that we have built deal with the spectral properties of these covariance and correlation matrices and they are of two kinds. The first one is based on the Hellinger distance, computed between the distribution of the eigenvalues of the empirical covariance matrix and the distribution of the eigenvalues of a reference covariance matrix representing either a calm or agitated market. The idea behind this first type of indicators is that when the empirical distribution of the spectrum of the covariance matrix is deviating from the reference in the sense of Hellinger, then a crisis may be forthcoming. The second type of indicators is based on the study of the spectral radius and the trace of the covariance and correlation matrices as a mean to directly study the volatility and correlations inside the market. The idea behind the second type of indicators is the fact that large eigenvalues are a sign of dynamic instability. The predictive power of the financial crisis indicators in this framework is then demonstrated by using them as decision-making tools in a protective put strategy to hedge long ETF positions.