Title: Smooth backfitting for errors-in-variables additive models
Authors: Byeong Park - Seoul National University (Korea, South) [presenting]
Abstract: A new smooth backfitting method and theory for estimating additive nonparametric regression models when the covariates are contaminated by measurement errors is developed. For this, we devise a new kernel function that suitably deconvolutes the bias due to measurement errors as well as renders a projection interpretation to the resulting estimator in the space of additive functions. The deconvolution property and the projection interpretation are essential for a successful solution of the problem. We prove that the method based on the new kernel weighting scheme achieves the optimal rate of convergence in one-dimensional deconvolution problems when the smoothness of measurement error distribution is less than a threshold value. We find that the speed of convergence is slower than the univariate rate when the smoothness of measurement error distribution is above the threshold, but it is still much faster than the optimal rate in multivariate deconvolution problems. The theory requires a deliberate analysis of the non-negligible effects of measurement errors being propagated to other additive components through backfitting operation. We present the finite sample performance of the deconvolution smooth backfitting estimators that confirm our theoretical findings.