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Title: Non-uniform sampling of fixed margin binary matrices Authors:  Bailey Fosdick - Colorado State University (United States) [presenting]
Alex Fout - Colorado State University (United States)
Abstract: Data sets in the form of binary matrices are ubiquitous across scientific domains, and researchers are often interested in identifying and quantifying noteworthy structure. One approach is to compare the observed data to that which might be obtained under a null model. We consider sampling from the space of binary matrices which satisfy a set of marginal row and column sums. Whereas existing sampling methods have focused on uniform sampling from this space, we introduce modified versions of two elementwise swapping algorithms which sample according to a non-uniform probability distribution defined by a weight matrix, which gives the relative probability of a one for each entry. We demonstrate that values of zero in the weight matrix, i.e. structural zeros, are generally problematic for swapping algorithms, except when they have special monotonic structure. We explore the properties of our algorithms through simulation studies. We also illustrate the potential impact of employing a non-uniform null model using a classic bird habitation dataset.