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Title: Depression and stigmatization: A multilevel analysis for EU countries Authors:  Patricia Moreno - Universidad de Cantabria (Spain) [presenting]
Ana Fernandez - Universidad del Pais Vasco (Spain)
Juan Manuel Rodriguez-Poo - Universidad de Cantabria (Spain)
Abstract: The purpose is to investigate the cross-country differences in the effect that depression has on working hours. The main objective is to provide a comparable framework for a population with depression though multilevel analysis, taking into account the existence of sample selection effects and an endogeneity problem due to the presence of the variable depression. Depression contributes to early retirement, and some working conditions are associated with an increase in the risk of depressive symptoms. We use data from regular panel waves of Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). This panel database is constituted by microdata information on health, socio-economic status and social factors of more than 120000 observations. The survey covers 27 European countries and Israel. We conclude that the average hours worked per individual is higher in countries with less population suffering from depression.