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Title: Bootstrapping max statistics in high dimensions Authors:  Miles Lopes - UC Davis (United States) [presenting]
Hans-Georg Mueller - University of California Davis (United States)
Abstract: In recent years, bootstrap methods have drawn attention for their ability to approximate the laws of max statistics in high-dimensional problems. A leading example of such a statistic is the coordinate-wise maximum of a sample average of $n$ random vectors in $R^p$. Existing results for this statistic show that the bootstrap can work when $n << p$, and rates of approximation (in Kolmogorov distance) have been obtained with only logarithmic dependence in $p$. Nevertheless, one of the challenging aspects of this setting is that established rates tend to scale slower than $n^{-1/2}$ as a function of $n$. The main purpose is to demonstrate that improvement in rate is possible when extra model structure is available. Specifically, we show that if the coordinate-wise variances of the observations exhibit decay, then a nearly $n^{1/2}$ rate can be achieved, independent of $p$. Furthermore, a surprising aspect of this dimension-free rate is that it holds even when the decay is very weak. Lastly, we provide examples showing how these ideas can be applied to inference problems dealing with functional and multinomial data.