Title: Intrinsic Riemannian functional data analysis
Authors: Zhenhua Lin - National University of Singapore (Singapore) [presenting]
Fang Yao - Peking University, University of Toronto (Canada)
Abstract: Data of random paths on a Riemannian manifold is often encountered in real-world applications. Examples include trajectories of bird migration, the dynamics of brain functional connectivity, etc. To analyze such data, a framework of intrinsic Riemannian functional data analysis is developed, which provides a rigorous theoretical foundation for statistical analysis of random paths on a Riemannian manifold. The cornerstone of the framework is the Hilbert space of vector fields along a curve on the manifold, based on which principal component analysis and Karhunen-Love expansion for Riemannian random paths are then established. The framework also features a method for proper comparison of vector fields along different curves, which paves the way for intrinsic asymptotic analysis of estimation procedures for Riemannian functional data analysis. Built on intrinsic geometric concepts such as vector field, Levi-Civita connection and parallel transport on Riemannian manifolds, the proposed framework is able to properly handle intrinsic geometric concepts. Based on the framework, functional linear regression models for Riemannian random paths are investigated, including estimation methods, asymptotic properties and an application to brain functional connectivity.