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Title: Sufficient and necessary conditions for the identifiability of the Q-matrix Authors:  Gongjun Xu - University of Michigan (United States) [presenting]
Abstract: Restricted latent class models (RLCMs) have recently gained prominence in educational assessment, psychiatric evaluation, and medical diagnosis. Different from conventional latent class models, restrictions on RLCM model parameters are imposed by a design matrix to respect practitioners' scientific assumptions. The design matrix, called the Q-matrix in cognitive diagnosis literature, is usually constructed by practitioners and domain experts, yet it is subjective and could be misspecified. To address this problem, researchers have proposed to estimate the design Q-matrix from the data. On the other hand, the fundamental learnability issue of the Q-matrix and model parameters remains underexplored and existing studies often impose stronger than needed or even impractical conditions. Sufficient and necessary conditions are proposed for the joint identifiability of the Q-matrix and RLCM model parameters. The developed identifiability conditions only depend on the design matrix and therefore is easy to verify in practice.