Title: An effective likelihood-free approximate computing method with statistical inferential guarantees
Authors: Suzanne Thornton - Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (United States)
Wentao Li - University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong) [presenting]
Min-ge Xie - Rutgers University (United States)
Abstract: Approximate Bayesian computing is a powerful likelihood-free method that has grown increasingly popular. However, complications arise in the theoretical justification for Bayesian inference conducted from this method with a non-sufficient summary statistic. We seek to re-frame approximate Bayesian computing within a frequentist context and justify its performance by standards set on the frequency coverage rate. In doing so, we develop a new computational technique called approximate confidence distribution computing, yielding theoretical support for the use of non-sufficient summary statistics in likelihood-free methods. Furthermore, we demonstrate that approximate confidence distribution computing extends the scope of approximate Bayesian computing to include data-dependent priors without damaging the inferential integrity. This data-dependent prior can be viewed as an initial distribution estimate of the target parameter which is updated with the results of the approximate confidence distribution computing method. A general strategy for constructing an appropriate data-dependent prior is also discussed and is shown to often increase the computing speed while maintaining statistical inferential guarantees. We supplement the theory with simulation studies illustrating the benefits of the proposed method, namely the potential for broader applications and the increased computing speed compared to the standard approximate Bayesian computing methods.