Title: High-dimensional time series segmentation via factor-adjusted vector autoregressive modelling
Authors: Hyeyoung Maeng - Durham University (United Kingdom) [presenting]
Haeran Cho - University of Bristol (United Kingdom)
Idris Eckley - Lancaster University (United Kingdom)
Paul Fearnhead - Lancaster University (United Kingdom)
Abstract: Vector autoregressive (VAR) models are popularly adopted for modelling high-dimensional time series, and their piecewise extensions allow for structural changes in the data. In VAR modelling, the number of parameters grows quadratically with the dimensionality, which necessitates the assumption of sparsity in high dimensions. However, it is debatable whether sparse VAR models are adequate for handling datasets exhibiting strong serial and cross-sectional correlations. We propose a piecewise stationary time series model that simultaneously allows for strong correlations, as well as structural changes, where pervasive serial and cross-sectional correlations are accounted for by a (possibly) time-varying factor structure, and any remaining idiosyncratic dependence between the variables, is handled by a piecewise stationary, sparse VAR model. We propose an accompanying two-stage change point detection methodology which fully addresses the challenges arising from not observing either the factor-driven or the VAR processes directly. Its consistency in estimating both the total number and the locations of the change points in the latent components, is established under conditions considerably more general than those in the existing literature. We demonstrate the competitive performance of the proposed methodology on simulated datasets and an application to US blue chip stocks data.