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Title: Deep dynamic factor models Authors:  Paolo Andreini - University of Rome, Tor Vergata (United Kingdom)
Cosimo Izzo - University College London (United Kingdom)
Giovanni Ricco - University of Warwick (United Kingdom) [presenting]
Abstract: A novel deep neural network framework -- that we refer to as Deep Dynamic Factor Model (D2FM) --, is able to encode the information available, from hundreds of macroeconomic and financial time series into a handful of unobserved latent states. While similar in spirit to traditional dynamic factor models (DFMs), differently from those, this new class of models allows for nonlinearities between factors and observables due to the autoencoder neural network structure. However, by design, the latent states of the model can still be interpreted as in a standard factor model. Both in a fully real-time out-of-sample nowcasting and forecasting exercise with US data and in a Monte Carlo experiment, the D$^2$FM improves over the performances of a state-of-the-art DFM.