Title: A function-based approach to model the measurement error in wearable devices
Authors: Sneha Jadhav - Wake Forest University (United States) [presenting]
Abstract: Physical activity (PA) is an important risk factor for many health outcomes. Wearable devices such as accelerometers are increasingly used in biomedical studies to understand the associations between PA and health outcomes. Statistical analyses involving accelerometer data are challenging due to the following three characteristics (i) high dimensionality, (ii) temporal dependence, and (iii) measurement error. To address these challenges, we treat accelerometer-based measures of PA as a single function-valued covariate prone to measurement error. Specifically, in order to determine the relationship between PA and a health outcome of interest, we propose a regression model with a functional covariate that accounts for measurement error. Using regression calibration, we develop a two-step estimation method for the model parameters and establish their consistency. A test is also proposed to test the significance of the estimated model parameters. Simulation studies are conducted to compare the proposed methods with existing alternative approaches under varying scenarios. Finally, the developed methods are used to assess the relationship between PA intensity and BMI obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data.